The education system in the UK is divided into four main parts, primary education, secondary education, further education and higher education. Children in the UK have to legally attend primary and secondary education which runs from about 5 years old until the student is 16 years old.

The education system in the UK is also split into “key stages” which breaks down as follows:

  • Key Stage 1: 5 to 7 years old
  • Key Stage 2: 7 to 11 years old
  • Key Stage 3: 11 to 14 years old
  • Key Stage 4: 14 to 16 years old

Generally key stages 1 and 2 will be undertaken at primary school and at 11 years old a student will move onto secondary school and finish key stages 3 and 4.

Students are assessed at the end of each stage. The most important assessment occurs at age 16 when students pursue their GCSE’s or General Certificate of Secondary Education. Once students complete their GCSE’s they have the choice to go onto further education and then potential higher education, or finish school and go into the working world.

Our overview of the education system in the UK is divided into five main sections:

Primary Education

The United Kingdom benefits from a highly evolved education system. Details are delegated to semi-autonomous regions, although overall the system is the same. At age 5 children enter primary school where they complete their basic first stages and basic second stages of their grounding education.

Middle Education

At age 7 children move on to junior school where they remain for four years while receiving their introduction the basics of an academic education. Although core subjects are prescribed they are encouraged to take extra subjects like art, computer studies and music too

Secondary Education

After completing junior school, students move on to comprehensive school until they reach the age of 16. Here standards are higher asnd programs more challenging. Those who succeed receive a general / vocational certificate of secondary education depending on the stream they followed. Thereafter they either stay on for two more years to complete their advanced level school education, take menial jobs or enroll for advanced vocational training.

Vocational Education

Non-university post-secondary education takes place at a variety of technical schools, colleges of higher education and accredited independent colleges offering a wide variety of courses leading to formal vocational qualifications. Through these, those United Kingdom youths who do not go on the university are assured the opportunities of groundings in successful lifetime careers.

Tertiary Education

A bachelor’s degree in UK will usually take up to 3-4 years and lead to graduate level studies. Most universities offer sandwich programs; in which the student gets the chance to work in industry for a year during the degree. Some universities offer crash two year programs with no vacations offered or allowed.A bachelor’s degree may be followed by a Master’s degree. Mostly, it is for duration of 1 year but, there are some universities that offer 2 year programs as well. It can be pursued after a 4 years Bachelors or a 3years Bachelors degree.Phd is a degree ranking above the Master’s Degree and generally requires 3-5 years to complete.